Hemorrhoids are normal anatomical structures of the human body. Hemorrhoids are soft vascular cushions in the last part of our large intestine, called the rectum. The mucosa, that is, the pink colored cell layer like inside our mouth, is composed of fibroelastic connective tissue, smooth muscles and vessels. The last 4 cm of our breech is a collapsible mechanism and in our creation, this area was supported by mucosal structures such as acardium and hemorrhoids, which are suitable for this opening and closing system. These structures act as a plug in the rectum during resting time. While we are using our toilet, it acts as a pillow in this area and creates support. For this reason, every person has hemorrhoids and has an important function. That’s why we try to protect it as much as possible. If the hemorrhoid organ, which is found in everyone, bleeds, swells, has pain, itches, it is called hemorrhoidal disease.
In whom is hemorrhoidal disease more common?
Hemorrhoidal disease is seen in 4% of the population. Low fiber diet and constipation, frequent defecation, spending time on the toilet for a long time, sitting a lot, standing a lot and straining force the straining mechanism and cause hemorrhoidal disease. In addition, with today’s technology, spending unnecessary time on the toilet with a mobile phone increases the susceptibility to hemorrhoidal disease. As a requirement of human anatomy, while standing, the breech axis is crossed with the anterior part on the bottom and the back part on the top. This reduces the gravitational effect of the cushions filled with veins. When we sit and strain, this system fills with blood and this blood filling time increases with strain. If you increase the time of the straining mechanism in the toilet and prolong the sitting time by straining on the toilet, over time, the vascular structure will loosen, they will swell like varicose veins on our legs, and they will force the structure they are in and may lead to hemorrhoidal disease. Our ideal toileting style is to evacuate the banana-like stool that has been waiting for 3-4 strains and then to get up. Your toilet is finished, but you’re immersed in your cell phone; think about being upside down, after a while your blood-filled skin and brain will challenge you. Likewise, after a while, the blood vessels that fill the hemorrhoids in the rectum with pressure will force the hemorrhoids and their ligaments.
– Lifting heavy can cause emergency problems, especially in external hemorrhoids.
Pregnancy is a condition that causes hemorrhoidal disease.
– It can be seen under the age of 1, over the age of 85, but it is more common between the ages of 30-45.
– The ratio of men and women is equal.
– It can be seen more often in people living in rural areas.
– It does not show socioeconomic differences.
– Familial predisposition could not be proven.
– Obesity causes hemorrhoidal disease by increasing the pressure in the anus.
– Consuming spicy food causes inflammation in the rectum. Hemorrhoidal disease occurs by straining and increasing the duration of defecation.
– Sitting for long periods of time or standing for long periods of time.
– Prostate swelling, chronic cough pressure increase and hemorrhoidal disease risk.