The recent trip to Taiwan by the Speaker of the US House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, and the subsequent visit by a group of congressmen, has heightened tension around the island, with intense military maneuvers by the Beijing government, which It claims that territory as its own and considers the tour of the United States politicians a provocation. The friction over this territorial conflict has risen in recent weeks and trying to understand the conflict and its origins is made especially complicated by the number of opposing views that exist on this issue.
In the video that accompanies this piece of news, Mario Esteban, a researcher at the Elcano Institute, collaborator with Agenda Pública and professor at the Autonomous University of Madrid, clarifies some of the doubts about popular knowledge on the island, such as its political status , which is not the same as the special regime administrative regions of Hong Kong or Macao. Also, he discovers a key sector of world electronics production that could collapse if production from Taipei is disrupted.
Esteban also reviews some key episodes in history, such as the occupation of the island by Japan for 46 years, key in the development of a Taiwanese identity unmarked from the Chinese. Or why Mao Zedong’s People’s Republic of China won its plans to annex it in the civil war that pitted them against the Kuomintang, led by Chiang Kai-sek, in 1946. Also a key episode for the international recognition of Taiwanese around the world, the entry of the People’s Republic of China into the United Nations Organization in 1971, displacing the Republic of China, signatory of the charter in 1945. Seven minutes of video to try to understand something more than one of the most complex issues of international politics, which has put global security in check.