30.08.2022 23:50 Last Update: 30.08.2022 23:51
Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union, died at the age of 92 in the central clinic where he was being treated in Moscow. But who is Gorbachev?
Who is Gorbachev?
Russian politician Gorbachev is known for his decision to dissolve the Soviet Union. Gorbachev, who took the steps of liberalization and transition to the free market in Russia with the glasnost (openness) and perestroika (reconstruction) policies he implemented in the 1980s, is remembered as the Soviet politician who ended the Cold War with the strategic disarmament agreements he signed with the USA.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (born March 2, 1931, died August 30, 2022) was a Russian politician and the last leader of the Soviet Union (1985-1991).
Gorbachev’s reform efforts called perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost (openness) ended the Cold War; however, these reforms caused the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to lose its political supremacy in the country and subsequently the dissolution of the Soviet Union. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990. He is on the list of the top 100 people with the most works written about him and is the only surviving President of the Soviet Union.
He was born on March 2, 1931 in the village of Privolnoye, in the Stavropol region of the North Caucasus. He had his primary education in his village. He joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) in 1952. He graduated from Moscow University Faculty of Law in 1955. Stavropol served in the Young Communist League. In 1970, he became the first secretary of the Stavropol organization. In 1971 he was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU. In 1978, he entered the secretariat as agriculture responsible. He was elected an alternate member of the Politburo in 1979 and a full member in 1980. Upon Chernenko’s death in 1985, he became the General Secretary of the CPSU. He had a great impact in the world with his policies of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring). He also assumed the post of head of state in October 1988.