Italian cuisine and food culture! Two of the most popular recipes…

The history of pizza, which is one of the flavors of Italian cuisine that has spread all over the world, is based on the fact that it is the food of the people who are economically distressed. Naples bakers put some ingredients on the thin dough they roll and turn it into a simple and inexpensive meal for poor people, but this dish, which also attracts the attention of the nobles, has become famous quickly and has survived to the present day by gaining different types. Cheese and wine varieties make up the majority of this cuisine. Coffees, especially espresso, take their place among the remarkable tastes.

Spaghetti, penne, maccheroni, fettucine, linguine, fusilli and stuffed ravioli and tortellini are among the most famous types of pasta in Italian cuisine. The most striking point of these pastas, of course, is their sauces, which have strong flavors. Bolognese, neapolitan, pesto and arabiatta are among the best known. While the main ingredient of bolognese is tomato and minced meat, Neapolitan consists of only tomatoes, without meat. Pesto sauce contains products such as olive oil and basil, while arabiatta is a spicy tomato sauce with olives.

In addition to so many types of pasta, risotto, which comes from cooking rice with water added gradually and slowly, takes its place. Risotto is served with options such as seafood, minced meat, vegetables or mushrooms.

You can find this intense and delicious taste in almost every meal you eat in Italy, where olive oil is produced in abundance due to its geographical location. The main reason why pastries such as pasta and pizza are so common is based on wheat, which is grown almost everywhere in the country.

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Soups also have an important place in this kitchen. Vegetable soup called minestrone, which we can often see in restaurant menus in our country, is served with bruschetta as in other soups. Bruschetta can also be called Italian garlic bread.

The most famous dessert of Italians, as we all know, is tiramisu. Tiramisu is made from cat tongue biscuits, mascarpone cheese and coffee liqueur. One should not forget the gelato, which has become a world-famous ice cream made with different types of sugar and different fruits, which originated in the city of Rome, Italy.


Margherita pizza, which takes its name from the Queen of Savoy Margherita and is the symbol of Italy with its red-white-green colors, is seen as the most basic pizza. It is prepared only with cheese. In addition, basil, garlic and sauce can be used. Therefore, it is a suitable pizza for vegetarian menus. If you want to try this pizza, which is made by adding marinara sauce, mozzarella cheese and basil leaves on the dough, here is the recipe…


For the dough

2.5 cups flour

1 cup of warm water

1 tablespoon of olive oil

Half a teaspoon of honey

1 teaspoon dry yeast

1 teaspoon of salt

for the sauce

1 teaspoon tomato paste

3 tomatoes

1 teaspoon hot sauce

1 clove of garlic

2 sprigs of thyme

1 tablespoon of water

For the above

100 grams of roquefort cheese

150 grams of mozzarella cheese

100 grams of cheddar cheese

80 grams of parmesan cheese


First of all, add dry yeast, honey and water for the pizza dough and mix the pizza dough. Wait 10 minutes for the yeast to activate. Sift the flour and salt into the mixing bowl. Make a hole in the middle of the flour. Add the yeast mixture and olive oil to this part. Mix the flour from the middle outwards. Obtain a dough that will not stick to the hand when it starts to thicken. Cover the dough bowl with cling film and let it rest. For the sauce, fry the grated tomatoes and garlic. Add hot sauce, fresh thyme sprigs, tomato paste and a little water and cook for a few more minutes. Take the sauce you prepared from the stove and keep it aside to cool. Divide the leavened pizza dough into 3 equal parts. On the floured kitchen counter, open the meringues in a round shape with your hands. Grease the bottom of the baking tray or line with parchment paper. Place the rolled dough on the trays. On the pizzas, first add grated mozzarella cheese, then crumbled roquefort cheese, then grated parmesan and grated cheddar cheese. If you wish, you can divide the pizza into four and use one cheese for each piece. Bake the pizzas you prepared in a preheated 250 degree oven for 15-20 minutes. Enjoy your meal.

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One of the most frequently encountered recipes from Italian cuisine in recent years is gnocchi. Gnocchi has only three basic ingredients: Potatoes, flour and egg yolk. Gnocchi can be prepared in many different ways. In its most familiar form, it is prepared with pesto sauce and tomato sauce. Here is the recipe for gnocchi with pesto sauce…


4 potatoes

1.5 cups of flour

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1 egg yolk

1 teaspoon salt, black pepper

For Pesto Sauce


1 bunch of fresh basil

1 cup pine nuts

2 cloves of garlic

1 teaspoon of olive oil

3 tablespoons of parmesan cheese

3 tablespoons of cream


First, boil the potatoes with their skins on. When cool, peel and grate the potatoes. Add salt and pepper and mix. Add the egg yolk and mix again. Add the flour to the mixture and knead. If the dough is sticky to your hands, you can add a little more flour. Pour some flour on the counter where you will put the dough. Take the dough here and add a small amount of flour again on top. Then cut the dough into a small piece. Open this piece like a long sausage slice and start cutting the dough in equal parts. Roll the pieces of dough you cut from the back of the fork to give them a slightly serrated appearance. Cook the prepared gnocchi in boiling water. Remove with the help of a wire strainer. For the pesto sauce; Put the garlic, pine nuts and washed and dried basil in the blender. Once the sauce starts to form, add the Parmesan cheese, cream and olive oil. Mix again. The sauce is ready. You can combine gnocchi with sauce. Enjoy your meal.

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