Varicose veins, which is one of the general problems of most people, is a discomfort that creates risks in terms of health as well as aesthetics. Interventional Radiotherapy Specialist Dr. Colorin Folk Songs explained the new methods used in the treatment of varicose and varicose veins. Varicose veins occur as a result of the inability of the veins, which are the venous structures in the legs that carry the dirty blood to the heart. The valves in the veins cannot work adequately and the veins expand over time. 5 out of every 6 people experience varicose veins. Varicose veins are generally diagnosed visually and manually. But to make a full diagnosis, an Outpatient Color Doppler Ultrasound examination is essential. The incidence in women is higher than in men.
Although it is uncomfortable at first due to its bad appearance, in the later stages, severe pain and discoloration and scar occur due to accumulation of dirty blood in the tissues. What are the Causes of Varicose Formation? The most important reason for the formation of varicose veins is genetic predisposition. Apart from this, excess weight, pregnancy, sitting with crossed legs, weight lifting sports such as weightlifting, sedentary life, working by standing constantly are the factors that cause varicose veins. How is Varicose Veins Treated? In the past, varicose veins were treated by Cardiovascular Surgeons by removing the varicose vein from the area. This treatment was quite painful and the recovery time was long. Today, diagnosis and treatment are carried out by Interventional Radiologists with more modern techniques under ultrasound guidance. The purpose of the treatment of varicose veins; is the burning of the inner surface of the vein.
This process can be done with laser or steam energy in large vessels, or it can be done chemically as in foam sclerotherapy in small vessels. Adhesion method can also be used in the treatment of varicose veins, but we do not prefer this treatment method in our clinic yet, since the long-term results are not clear. Three methods are actively used in the treatment of varicose veins: Laser Treatment In the first of these methods, laser treatment is applied to the vein that causes the formation of varicose veins. Local anesthesia is applied to the patient. Foam sclerotherapy is applied to the remaining varicose veins. Thus, it is prevented from finding a new way of feeding. In the treatment of varicose veins with steam, it is aimed to burn and close the varicose vein by using water steam. The operation is performed with local anesthesia.
Foam Treatment Foam treatment, on the other hand, is effective as a complementary treatment for varicose veins or for thin capillaries. A thin needle is inserted into the vein with ultrasound, and the inner surface of the varicose vein is chemically burned and closed with the drug given through this needle. In these three methods, patients do not feel pain and can return to their daily lives within the same day at the end of 1-2 hours of rest. Laser, steam and foam treatments have risks that can be considered minor compared to them. However, the fact that the application is done by people who are not competent increases the risk dimension. When the application is performed by qualified persons with ultrasound guidance, there will be no problem.