The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) considers the transition to a net-zero emissions path in line with climate goals as an economy-wide transformation process. ITUC defines fair transformation as a set of plans, policies and investments that enable a future where all work is in harmony with nature and climate, is decent, poverty is eliminated and all segments of society are developed. Fair transformation also coincides with the principle of “leaving no one behind”.
According to the ‘Main Axis in Energy Transformation: Fair Transformation’ report of the SHURA Center for Energy Transformation, it is important to act on time and manage the risks posed by the transformation in the fight against climate change. According to the report, it should be ensured that fair transformation planning is based on social dialogue with all relevant parties, collective agreements with workers and trade unions, that these agreements are publicly available and legally enforceable, and practices can be traced.
Although the evaluations about the precise effects of emission reduction strategies, which require radical changes in many different production and service activities as well as energy transformation, on employment are positive, employment in these sectors is expected to be negatively affected due to the contraction or even disappearance of carbon-intensive sectors.
The principles of an inclusive just transformation were summarized in the report as follows:
– The transition to a low-carbon economy should be designed in line with a long-term vision to ensure socio-economic and environmental resilience.
– Just transformation should ensure equal access of individuals to opportunities, ensuring social justice in general, especially climate justice; guarantee basic social protection and human rights.
– The contribution of workers working in fossil fuel industries and other carbon-intensive, heavy industries to today’s well-being should not be underestimated. Income support, re-education, and placement in new sectors should be provided for these workers.
– Plans for the renewal of the society should be made by taking into account the geographical, cultural and historical differences and differing needs in the regions.
– Social partners should be included in the sectoral plans prepared for the development of clean cities and metropolises.
EMPLOYEE ASSURANCE CONDITION
In the report, the policies that Turkey should follow regarding just transformation were summarized as follows:
– The design of the just transformation process should be done in consultation with workers, trade unions, employers, governments and local communities. The future and livelihoods of workers and local people must be secured.
– The scope of fair transformation should be well defined, and financial resources should be created in line with this scope. A national just transition fund should be established.
– The components that will support the just transformation in the education system should be designed and activated by differentiating them according to the needs of the regions.
– Mechanisms should be established to facilitate the fair transformation of SMEs within the supply chain approach.
– Companies should be encouraged to make voluntary reporting on transformation risks in their respective industries.