Glaucoma, that is, eye pressure, is a disease that causes vision loss due to the increase in intraocular pressure to damage the optic nerve. Eye pressure is an insidious disease. Ocular pressure, which causes the optic nerve to weaken and dry due to the frequent increase in intraocular pressure, can lead to vision loss if left untreated. For this reason, the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, which is of great importance, has two types, which develop as painful and painless. Eye pressure that develops as painful makes the diagnosis easier due to the pain complaint it creates. However, glaucoma, which develops painlessly and insidiously and does not cause any symptoms in the eye, can cause a person to live for a long time without knowing the disease. Eye pressure, which is a preventable disease, is difficult to detect beforehand when it develops painlessly and does not cause any weakness in the optic nerve; Since this disease can develop mostly at the age of 40 and beyond, although there is no complaint in the eyes after the age of 40, a specialist ophthalmologist should be consulted and eye pressure measurements should be made for blood pressure at an eye examination at most every two years. Early diagnosis of the disease is of great importance; If it is delayed, it causes irreversible vision loss.
Symptoms of uveitis
Uveitis is the inflammation of part or all of the uvea in the eye. It is an inflammatory condition. Inflammation of the uvea affects all tissues in the eye in a very large way. While it does not give, it sometimes shows itself with a number of complaints. The first symptoms of uveitis, which occurs as a result of inflammation of the vascular layer in the eye; complaints such as bleeding in the eye, severe pain in and around the eyeball, sensitivity to light, blurred and decreased vision, and redness and tearing in the eye. In any case, uveitis is a disease that is absolutely important and requires immediate intervention. If the treatment is neglected, the disease will progress and may cause permanent damage from deformities in the pupil to cataracts and high eye pressure. The primary goal of treatment is to control inflammation, prevent vision loss, and eliminate pain in the eye area and globe. Close follow-up of people with uveitis is important; Since the disease can recur, check-ups should be carried out regularly.
Diagnosis and treatment of retinal tear (detachment)
Retinal detachment (retinal detachment), which can be seen at any age but is more common in middle age and older, is an eye disease that must be treated. Retinal tears, which can cause blindness if left untreated, are much more common in myopia and close family members with retinal tears. However, while blows and traumas to the eye can also cause; The disease can be seen even in infants. Retinal tear, which is not visible from the outside of the eye, is diagnosed by means of an instrument called an ophthalmoscope after a drop that enlarges the pupil is instilled. Patients often sense that there is a problem in their eyes by seeing black dots and flashes of light. At this stage, it is important for the patient to be examined by an ophthalmologist without losing any time. Because retinal detachment is a disease in which central vision starts to disappear as time passes and progresses. Vitrectomy operation and laser treatment provide 90 percent success in the treatment of retinal detachment patients.
Keratoconus is in the form of a watch glass in the front of the eye. It is defined as thinning, cambering or steepening of the transparent layer. If the disease is not treated or its progression is not stopped, it causes severe vision loss. This disease is common, especially in people with a high eyeglass number and an increase in astigmatic refractive error at each control examination. Keratoconus starts at the age of 15 and shows rapid progress within 10 years. In people with a normal refractive error such as simple myopia, eyeglasses stop between the ages of 18 and 25, but if the progression continues after the age of 25, this disease should be brought to mind. Especially if you have a refractive error that progresses after the age of 18, even if this defect cannot be fully corrected with glasses, you may be a keratoconus patient. If treatment is not started, the level of vision gradually decreases. If you are complaining about the rapid increase in your glasses degree in recent months and not being able to see clearly despite wearing glasses, you should apply to an eye specialist as soon as possible and have detailed examination and special tests done.
Eye infections are the most common cause of red eye. Due to the dense vascular network of the conjunctiva layer on the anterior surface of the eye, the eye may become extremely red and painful. The problem here is mostly bacterial. And bacterial infections can be transmitted by contact. It first infects the patient’s other eye. It can then be transmitted to other people who are in close contact with the patient. Therefore, personal hygiene should be very careful. Viral infections, which we see less often, are much more dangerous. Because it can be transmitted very easily and can cause epidemics. The anterior surface of the eye can also be involved in the cornea layer. In the presence of all kinds of eye diseases and infections, an ophthalmologist should be checked. Buying and using drugs from the pharmacy without an examination sometimes causes the disease to worsen and can cause vision loss in the eye.