In the first 2-3 months of pregnancy, the baby’s organs begin to develop, and as a result of the negativities that occur at this stage of development, defects in the heart tissue may occur; These defects are called Congenital -Congenital- Heart Diseases. Some hereditary and many acquired factors can lead to the emergence of these diseases. Factors such as diabetes of the mother, some viral diseases during pregnancy, use of some drugs, alcohol, tobacco products, exposure to radiation, as well as genetic reasons such as having a heart disease in the previous baby, a baby with Down syndrome, having CHD in the mother and father’s family are the causes. countable.
In rough terms, these diseases are the diseases that concern the valves that separate the chambers of the heart, the walls and the main veins entering the heart. The most common formations are ASD and VSD, which are called holes. In addition to these more benign diseases, there are also serious conditions called atresia that can develop. These serious tables are conditions that require prompt treatment.
In general, the most important symptoms are shortness of breath and cyanosis, which is called blue-purple coloration of the baby. The symptoms are related to the severity of the disease, and the person can live for years without any symptoms. However, in severe cases, inability to breastfeed, bruising, feeding difficulties, frequent breathing and excessive sweating may develop. The doctor who examines the baby often hears a murmur. With the examination of a pediatric cardiologist, a diagnosis can be made quickly and treatment can be planned according to the disease. Early diagnosis saves lives.
After the examination, the diagnosis is made with a chest X-ray called telecardiography, ECG and ECO applications. For a more detailed examination of the patient, it may be necessary to perform procedures called cardiac catheterization and performed in the angiography laboratory. With the modernization, Tomography and Magnetic Resonance methods can also be used for diagnosis.
When the data obtained are analyzed and the diagnosis is finalized, there are roughly 3 methods for treatment;
b. Interventional treatment methods applied in the catheter laboratory
c. Surgical correction surgeries.
No matter how the patient is treated, detailed information is given to his family during discharge and suggestions are made about life with this disease. In particular, the precautions to be taken to prevent infection of the heart are explained, instruments to be used to measure blood oxygen are supplied and taught to use. Exercise restriction is often not required, education and encouragement are provided in the activity that is appropriate for the clinical situation in terms of both the child’s social development, psychology and cardiological performance. However, in some special cases that cause sudden cardiac death, restrictions are required.