Attention! Shortness of breath can be a sign of heart problems

Chest Diseases Specialist Dr. Dr. Bilge Ozgur Yukselmaking statements about shortness of breath, “In heart diseases, there is a decrease in the amount of blood pumped to the body. As the amount of oxygen going to the whole body will decrease, the workload of breathing increases. Diseases of the center that controls respiration in the brain can also increase the respiratory workload.” he said.

ATTENTION IF YOU KNOW YOU ARE BREATHING

Noting that shortness of breath is a situation where the person breathes harder and more frequently than normal, Uzm. Dr. Yuksel, “A normal person is not even aware that he is breathing. However, every person breathes 12-16 times a minute. The feeling of discomfort, rapidity or difficulty in the breathing process of individuals is called dyspnea. Shortness of breath, like pain, is a personal symptom perceived only by the patient.” said.

THE AMOUNT OF OXYGEN ENTERING THE BODY IS REDUCING

Underlining that shortness of breath can be caused by many different reasons, Dr. Dr. Yuksel,Reductions in solidification of the lungs or enlargement of the chest wall (obesity, scoliosis, pleural thickening) also increase respiratory workload.” he evaluated.

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YOU MAY HAVE DEFINITION AT THE LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Noting that a second reason is the weakness in the respiratory muscles, Uzm. Dr. Yuksel,Neurological muscle diseases can lead to shortness of breath due to fatigue in the respiratory muscles. Another cause is psychogenic dyspnea. Although there is no organic disease, normal breathing can be perceived as shortness of breath at the conscious level.” he said.

PERSONS WITH LUNG OR HEART DISEASE ARE AT RISK

Stating that shortness of breath can be seen in people of all ages, Dr. Dr. Yuksel,It is more common in people with lung or heart disease, chronic respiratory conditions such as asthma, COPD, and obesity. In addition, it can occur in endocrinological diseases such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, neurological, hematological diseases and kidney diseases. Temporary shortness of breath may also be experienced in case of anxiety disorder, panic attack or stress.” he declared.

CIGARETTE SMOKE AND AIR POLLUTION CAN TRIGGER

Mentioning that there are many factors that trigger shortness of breath, Dr. Dr. Yüksel said that some factors increase shortness of breath, especially in asthmatics. Yuksel continued:

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“Cigarette smoke, air pollution, cold air, allergens (such as pollen, dust, mold fungi, pet dander), drugs (such as painkillers) respiratory tract infections can cause an asthma attack. Severe sadness, stress are among the triggers of anxiety or panic attacks, and rapid weight gain or rapid weight loss in a short time can also cause shortness of breath.

EMERGENCY INTERVENTION IS ESSENTIAL IF CHEST PAIN AND FAILING ARE ACCOMPANIED

Noting that shortness of breath can be a symptom of a serious underlying health problem, Dr. Dr. Yuksel shared the following information:

“Immediate medical attention may be required if shortness of breath occurs suddenly and severely or if there are accompanying symptoms (chest pain, fainting, rapid heartbeat). Also, if shortness of breath interferes with normal activities or persists for a long time, it should be evaluated by a doctor. If the symptoms of shortness of breath are neglected, a serious underlying health problem may not be treated. This can lead to complications such as heart failure, progression of lung diseases, or respiratory failure. It can also affect quality of life and limit daily activities.”

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TREATMENT MAY VARY DEPENDING ON THE DISEASE

Talking about the ways of treatment, Dr. Dr. Yüksel said, “The treatment varies depending on the disease that causes shortness of breath. For example, inhalers for asthma or COPD, diuretics and heart medications for heart failure may be used. In some cases, shortness of breath may improve on its own, but usually, a permanent solution cannot be provided without treating the underlying problem. Treatment options may include medications (eg, bronchodilators, corticosteroids, diuretics), respiratory therapy, oxygen therapy, exercise programs, weight management, smoking cessation, and treatment of the underlying health condition. The treatment plan should be determined individually by a doctor,” he concluded.

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